Oh sunny California!
California is known as the sunshine state and for a good reason – when it comes to days-in-a-year filled with sunshine, San Francisco enjoys it for 66% and Sacramento for 78% of the year. It is for this reason (+ many more) that California produces 89% of all US wine.
Mark Twain wittingly described the coastal climate in his (as is commonly believed) famous phase: “The coldest winter I ever saw was the summer I spent in San Francisco” – illustrating that sunny doesn’t always translate into warmth, for the frigid ocean breezes and rolling fogs cool down California’s coast. Slightly more inland and the refreshing, humid, air currents are replaced with moisture devoid winds that only bring scorching heat. Together with topography of mountains-spanned-by-valleys, and cultivable soils ranging from exposed rock to fertile sediment; the area under vine is quite varied and therefore justly subdivided into 46 American Viticultural Areas (AVA).
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